Smooshy-faced breeds of dogs and cats, technically called brachyocephalics, require additional dental care when compared to their longer-faced cousins.
Frenchies, Pugs, Bostons, Boxers, English Bulldogs, Shih Tzus, Lhasa Apsos, Chihuahua, Chow Chow, Bull Mastiffs, Pekingese, Persians, Exotic Shorthairs, Himalayans, British Shorthairs, Scottish Folds, and the like have been bred to have shorter faces.
However, although their jaws are shorter, their teeth are still typical size, resulting in dental crowding. Instead of their teeth lining up in a straight arcade, their molars and premolars are turned sideways, creating valleys where food can lodge.
Unless it’s removed within 24 hours, that food becomes plaque, which in turn becomes tartar, causing gingivitis.
Left untreated, gingivitis progresses to periodontal disease, then tooth loss and pain.
Fortunately, with good dental hygiene and routine professional teeth cleaning, these fun, adorable breeds of dogs and cats can enjoy excellent dental health and keep their teeth for a lifetime. It just takes a bit more effort, but they’ll thank you for it.